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3D Model

If you want to print something on a 3D printer it is necessary to have a digital 3D model. The model is prepared in a 3D modeling program (CAD software) or by scanning that is suitable for organic shapes such as a human figure. If you are not familiar with the software, there are many model databases listed below or you can use our CAD service (we can help you to prepare a model).

3D programms

TinkerCAD
123Dapp
SketchUp
Blender

Databases of 3D models

Thingiverse
GrabCAD
Yeggi
Turbosquid
TraceParts
MyMiniFactory

3D design and printability of model

When designing a model or parts for additive manufacturing (- 3D printing), it is always necessary to think about their manufacturability. As with any production technology, – 3D printing has its own principles which you must be aware of in order to benefit from its full potential.

First of all you need to know the purpose of the model what you expect from it and thus to select the optimal material and technology . Each one has its advantages but also the limits.

6 principles of good 3D design

1. Material properties
2. Size of the model
3. Wall thickness
4. Level of detail
5. Layering and Infill
6. Proper file format and its flawlessness

 

The most common flaws and defects in models (in the polygon mesh)

Non-manifold edge – edges of polysurfaces or meshes that have more than two faces joined to a single edge are non-manifold.      tvaroch-tut-errors_0006_-
Non-manifold point - when two surfaces meet at one point but do not share an edge.

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Naked edges, border edges – each edge of a surface needs to be connected to another edge. If that is not the case, there will be holes in the model surface.

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Separate enclosed surfaces (solids) share a common edge - similar to non-manifold edge, but the difference is that not more than two surfaces but more than two enclosed objects are meeting at one edge. There needs to be some space between them.

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Overlapping surfaces (self-intersecting) – the surfaces are cutting through each other or they’re sticking out from the surface field of the model.

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Normals orientation (solid orientation) - with every surface we distinguish two orientations - in and out. To enable printing, all the surfaces must face the same direction. No matter which direction they are facing, they just need to be the same.

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If you have problem to prepare the model for printing properly you can contact us via e-mail info(at)tvaroch.sk

Where to go? Make model | Industrial Design